Author(s): Khattak ST, Ali Marwat M, Khattak Iu, Khan TM, Naheed T
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: This retrospective analytical study was carried out to observe the frequency of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among the pregnant women of Swat. METHODS: The study was carried out from January 2008 to December 2008. It was a retrospective study based on review of records of pregnant women admitted to Labour Room of Obstetrics/Gynaecology Unit, Saidu Teaching Hospital, Swat. Patients were screened for Hepatitis B and C by Immuno Chromatographic Technique (ICT) device. The findings were recorded on proforma and analysed. Those found positive on screening test were confirmed by ELISA. RESULTS: Total number of patients screened was 5607. The frequency of Hepatitis B and C (Combined) was 223 (3.98\%), out of which 77 (1.37\%) were HBsAg positive, 141 (2.52\%) were anti HCV positive and 5 (0.09\%) were both HBsAg and anti HCV positive. The frequency of Hepatitis B amongst age groups 14-19, 20-29, 30-39 and 40-49 years were 2/77, 33/77, 40/77, and 2/77) respectively. The frequency of Hepatitis C amongst age groups 14-19, 20-29, 30-39 and 40-49 years was 4/141, 59/141, 67/141 and 11/141 respectively. The frequency of Hepatitis B and C in multigravida was 41/77, 67/141, in grand multigravida it was 20/77, 43/141 and in primigravida it was 16/77, 31/141 respectively. The frequency of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C amongst urban and rural population was 32 (39.02\%) and 50 (60.98\%); and 40 (27.40\%) and 106 (72.60\%) respectively. The frequency of Hepatitis B and C (Combined) in urban, rural population were 72 (31.58 \%) and 156 (68.15\%) respectively. CONCLUSION: HBsAg and HCV was common infections in pregnant women of Swat. Therefore, every pregnant woman undergoing delivery and/or any other surgical procedure must be screened for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.
This article was published in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases and Diagnosis