alexa Comparison of gel filtration and ammonium sulphate precipitation in the purification of diphtheria toxin and toxoid.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Myner K, Christiansen G

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Abstract Crude diphtheria toxin and toxoid were subjected to purification by gel filtration and stepwise ammonium sulphate precipitation. The various fractions obtained by the purification procedures were studied by immunological methods. A high molecular weight fraction of glycoprotein nature was present in all of the crude preparations studied. The fraction was antigenically non-identical with the real toxin or toxoid and did not have its origin in the culture medium. It showed a long flocculation time when tested against equine diphtheria toxoid antiserum. The fraction could be removed from the crude preparations by gel filtration or by precipitation with 21\% (w/v) ammonium sulphate. When comparing toxoids purified by each of these methods, the method of gel filtration resulted in a somewhat higher degree of purity, suggesting that this method would be more suitable than the AS precipitation method for the purification of diphtheria toxoid.
This article was published in Acta Pathol Microbiol Immunol Scand C and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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