alexa Comparison of general anaesthesia and spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section in Antigua and Barbuda.


Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Martin TC, Bell P, Ogunbiyi O

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Regional anaesthesia has become the anaesthetic of choice for Caesarean section (CS) in developed countries, with use extended to smaller, less developed countries in the past decade. This study is a comparison of maternal and neonatal outcomes comparing general anaesthesia (GA) and the early experience with spinal anaesthesia (SA) for CS in Antigua and Barbuda. Data obtained included maternal age, gravidity, parity, indication for operation, emergent versus routine operation and type of anaesthesia used. Outcome data comprised estimated blood loss, transfusion requirement, length of stay, postoperative wound infection for mothers. Data obtained for babies included birthweight, one and five minute Apgar scores, neonatal special care unit admission or perinatal death. The sample population included 103 CS patients who underwent GA and 45 who underwent SA. There was no difference in age (mean 29.3 vs 29.4 years), gravidity (mean 3.25 vs 3.27), parity (mean 1.74 vs 1.56) or emergency vs routine CS (44.4\% vs 49.5\%). Mothers who underwent GA had significantly greater estimated blood loss (mean 787 vs 632 mL, p < 0. 02) and rate of transfusion (13.6\% vs 2.2\%, p < 0. 05). There was a trend toward longer hospital stay (mean 6.86 vs 6.42 days, p = 0. 16) but a lower rate of postoperative wound infection (8.7\% vs 20\%, p < 0. 10) for mothers who underwent GA. There were no maternal deaths. Babies demonstrated no difference in birthweight (mean 3238 vs 3258 g) but those born to mothers who underwent GA had significantly lower one minute (mean 6.84 vs 8.17, p < 0.0001) and five minute (mean 8.13 vs 8.91, p < 0.001) Apgar scores, with a trend toward more frequent neonatal special care unit admission (26.2\% vs 17.7\%, p < 0.20) and perinatal death (3.9 vs 0\%, p < 0.30). GA and SA appear equally safe, but SA was associated with significantly better outcome for both mothers and babies.
This article was published in West Indian Med J and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version