Author(s): Liu SH, Baker CL, Liu SH, Baker CL, Liu SH, Baker CL, Liu SH, Baker CL
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The static restraints of various surgical procedures for chronic lateral ankle instability were compared. Forty cadaveric ankles were divided equally into the following five groups: 1) ankles with intact anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments, 2) ankles with incised anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments, 3) ankles with Chrisman-Snook procedure, 4) ankles with Watson-Jones procedure, or 5) ankles with modified Broström procedure. All ankles were placed in a mechanical apparatus for anterior drawer stress and inversion stress tests. After each application of force, a radiograph of the ankle joint was taken, and the anterior talar displacement and the talar tilt angle were measured. All procedures reduced anterior drawer and talar tilt when compared with the ankles with incised anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments. Significant differences were found among the groups for both inversion and anterior drawer stress at all forces, except for the third and fourth groups. The modified Broström group had the least amount of anterior talar displacement and talar tilt angle at all forces. There were no significant differences between the Watson-Jones and the Chrisman-Snook procedures in anterior talar displacement and talar tilt. The modified Broström procedure produced a greater mechanical restraint than either of the other procedures.
This article was published in Am J Sports Med
and referenced in Journal of Osteoarthritis