alexa Comparison of local anesthetic effects of tramadol with prilocaine during circumcision procedure.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Kargi E, Iikdemir A, Tokgz H, Erol B, Iikdemir F,

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To compare the local anesthetic effects of tramadol hydrochloride with prilocaine for circumcision procedure. METHODS: This study included 40 patients with American Surgical Association-I scores. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either 5\% tramadol (2 mg/kg) plus adrenaline (0.0125/mL) (group 1, n = 20) or 2\% prilocaine plus adrenaline (0.0125/mL) (group 2, n = 20). The degree of burning sensation and pain at the injection site were documented. Sensory block was assessed 1 minute after injection and the patients were asked to grade touch and pinprick sensation. Five minutes after drug administration, incision was performed and intensity of pain, felt by the patient was evaluated on a 4-point scale (0-3). Pain at the injection site and local skin reactions were also recorded. RESULTS: Mean ages were 9.7 and 10.3 years for groups 1 and 2, respectively. Mean duration of surgery was 19.6 minutes. In control visit, 2 of 20 (10\%) in group 1 and 10 of 20 (50\%) children in group 2 reported extra need for oral ibuprofen (P <.05). First analgesic medication time was 9.5 (+/- 2.1) hours in group 1 and 8.7 (+/- 3.1) hours in group 2 (P >.05). Total postoperative ibuprofen consumptions were 10 and 50 mg for groups 1 and 2, respectively (P <.05). CONCLUSIONS: A combination of tramadol 5\% plus adrenaline can provide a safe and effective local anesthesia during circumcision procedure and postoperative period in children. 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Urology and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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