Author(s): Laudi S, Steudel W, Jonscher K, Schning W, Schniedewind B,
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Abstract We studied the lung proteome changes in two widely used models of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH): monocrotaline (MCT) injection and chronic hypoxia (CH); untreated rats were used as controls (n = 6/group). After 28 days, invasive right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) was measured. Lungs were immunostained for alpha-smooth muscle actin (alphaSMA). 2-DE (n = 4/group) followed by nano-LC-MS/MS was applied for protein identification. Western blotting was used additionally if possible. RVSP was significantly increased in MCT- and CH-rats (MCT 62.5 +/- 4.4 mmHg, CH 62.2 +/- 4.1 mmHg, control 25.0 +/- 1.7 mmHg, p<0.001). This was associated with an increase of alphaSMA positive vessels. In both groups, there was a significantly increased expression of proteins associated with the contractile apparatus (diphosphoHsp27 (p<0.001), Septin2 (p<0.001), F-actin capping protein (p<0.01), and tropomyosin beta (p<0.02)). In CH, proteins of the nitric oxide (Hsc70; p = 0.002), carbon monoxide (biliverdin reductase; p = 0.005), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway (annexin 3; p<0.001) were significantly increased. In MCT, proteins involved in serotonin synthesis (14-3-3; p = 0.02), the enhanced unfolded protein response (ERp57; p = 0.02), and intracellular chloride channels (CLIC 1; p = 0.002) were significantly elevated. Therefore, MCT- and CH-induced vasoconstriction and remodeling seemed to be mediated via different signaling pathways. These differences should be considered in future studies using either PAH model.
This article was published in Proteomics
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics