Author(s): Donnino R, Patel S, Nguyen AH, Sedlis SP, Babb JS,
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Abstract Diabetic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are more likely to develop heart failure (HF) than nondiabetic patients, but the mechanism responsible is unclear. Evidence suggests that infarct size and accompanying remodeling may not explain this difference. We used cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging to compare degree of left ventricular (LV) myocardial scar and remodeling in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with CAD. We evaluated 85 patients (39 diabetic, 46 nondiabetic) who underwent coronary angiography showing obstructive CAD and CMR imaging within 6 months of each other. Myocardial scar was measured by late gadolinium enhancement on CMR imaging and was graded according to spatial and transmural extents on a semiquantitative scale. More diabetic than nondiabetic patients had HF (69\% vs 43\%, p <0.03); however, groups did not differ in total scar burden (0.94 ± 0.60 vs 1.17 ± 0.74, p = NS), spatial extent of scar, or extent of transmural scar. Diabetes remained an independent predictor of HF after adjustment for CAD and other variables. LV ejection fraction (36 ± 12\% vs 37 ± 14\%, p = NS) and end-diastolic volume (215 ± 56 vs 217 ± 76 ml, p = NS) were similar for diabetic and nondiabetic patients, respectively. In conclusion, although diabetic patients with CAD had a higher prevalence of HF than nondiabetic patients, there was no difference in myocardial scar, LV volume, or LV ejection fraction. These findings support the theory that mechanisms other than extent of myocardial injury and negative remodeling play a significant role in the development of HF in diabetic patients with CAD. Published by Elsevier Inc.
This article was published in Am J Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology