alexa Comparison of skin conductance with entropy during intubation, tetanic stimulation and emergence from general anaesthesia.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Gjerstad AC, Storm H, Hagen R, Huiku M, Qvigstad E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The number of skin conductance fluctuations (NSCF) expresses sympathetic skin nerve activity. The response entropy (RE) measures electromyographic and electroencephalographic activity in the forehead. The state entropy (SE) measures mainly electroencephalographic activity. When the suppression of frontal muscular activity is complete, RE is equal to SE. RE-Delta is defined as SE minus RE. The purposes of this study were to examine whether NSCF and RE-Delta correlate with signs of clinical stress during intubation and tetanic noxious stimulation and to elucidate how rapidly and accurately entropy and NSCF react during emergence from general anaesthesia. METHODS: Twenty women scheduled for gynaecological laparotomy were studied. During intubation in remifentanil and propofol general anaesthesia, NSCF and RE-Delta were correlated with the clinical stress score. After a wash-out period, two series of tetanic stimuli were given, the first with (R+) and the second without (R-) remifentanil infusion. The tetanic pre-stimuli periods were compared with the tetanic post-stimuli periods, and R+ was compared with R-. During emergence, the responses of entropy and skin conductance were related to the time of extubation. RESULTS: NSCF correlated well with the clinical stress score during intubation (r(2)= 0.73, P < 0.0005). RE-Delta showed a weaker correlation (r(2)= 0.33, P= 0.007). During tetanic stimuli, the NSCF pre-stimuli level was lower than the post-stimuli level (P < 0.001), and the NSCF R+ response was lower than the NSCF R- response (P= 0.002). RE-Delta did not show similar differences. During emergence, RE reacted before NSCF and SE (P= 0.003). CONCLUSION: NSCF was better than RE-Delta for the measurement of clinical stress during intubation, and was sensitive to tetanic stimuli at different opioid analgesic levels, by contrast with RE-Delta. Both modalities were able to predict emergence at the end of anaesthesia, but RE was more rapid. This article was published in Acta Anaesthesiol Scand and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords