Author(s): Pietschmann MF, Frankewycz B, Schmitz P, Docheva D, Sievers B,
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Abstract In order to investigate cell-based tendon regeneration, a tendon rupture was simulated by utilizing a critical full-size model in female rat achilles tendons. For bridging the defect, polyglycol acid (PGA) and collagen type I scaffolds were used and fixed with a frame suture to ensure postoperatively a functional continuity. Scaffolds were seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) or tenocytes derived from male animals, while control groups were left without cells. After a healing period of 16 weeks, biomechanical, PCR, histologic, and electron microscopic analyses of the regenerates were performed. Genomic PCR for male-specific gene was used to detect transplanted cells in the regenerates. After 16 weeks, central ossification and tendon-like tissue in the superficial tendon layers were observed in all study groups. Biomechanical test showed that samples loaded with tenocytes had significantly better failure strength/cross-section ratio (P < 0.01) compared to MSC and the control groups whereas maximum failure strength was similar in all groups. Thus, we concluded that the application of tenocytes improves the outcome in this model concerning the grade of ossification and the mechanical properties in comparison to the use of MSC or just scaffold materials.
This article was published in J Mater Sci Mater Med
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies