Author(s): HansJrg Trnka, Michaela Mhlbauer, Reinhard Zettl, Mark S Myerson, Peter Ritschl
We retrospectively reviewed the outcome of 30 patients who were treated surgically for metatarsalgia resulting from dislocation of one or more lesser metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints. We used two treatments, including an osteotomy of the metatarsal head (Weil osteotomy, N = 15) or an osteotomy of the metatarsal shaft (Helal osteotomy, N = 15). Before surgery, all patients had been treated with various nonoperative modalities for a minimum of 6 months. Between 1991 and 1993,15 consecutive patients underwent a Helal osteotomy (22 metatarsals), and 15 consecutive patients were subsequently treated between 1994 and 1995 with a Weil osteotomy (25 metatarsals). All patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically at a mean follow-up period of 22 months (range, 12–39 months), noting especially persistent subluxation or dislocation, recurrent metatarsalgia, and transfer lesions. Patients managed with a Weil osteotomy had significantly higher satisfaction (P = 0.049), lower incidence of recurrent metatarsalgia (0 vs 27%, P = 0.107), and fewer transfer lesions (0 vs 41%, P = <0.001) than those managed with a Helal osteotomy. Furthermore, those managed with the Weil procedure had a higher percentage of radiographic reduction and maintenance of the MTP joint dislocation (21 of 25, 84% vs 8 of 22,36% P = 0.002) than those managed with the Helal procedure. In the Weil group, there was also no malunion or pseudoarthrosis; in the Helal group there were five malunions and three pseudoarthroses.
Although the follow-up period for the Weil osteotomy (15 months) was shorter than that for the Helal osteotomy (26 months), the former group had higher American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society forefoot scores, which were significantly different from the results attained with the Helal osteotomy. A telephone update was performed on the Weil osteotomy group at an average of 27 months postsurgery, and no patient had experienced changes since the clinical follow-up. We concluded that the Weil procedure is a satisfactory method for correcting metatarsalgia caused by dislocation of the MTP joint and that, because of the high complication rate, the Helal osteotomy is not an acceptable procedure for correcting this condition.Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle