alexa Comparison of the survival and tolerability of radioembolization in elderly vs. younger patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Golfieri R, Bilbao JI, Carpanese L, Cianni R, Gasparini D,

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Abstract BACKGROUND & AIMS: The European Network on Radioembolization with Yttrium-90 resin microspheres study group (ENRY) conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the outcomes among elderly (≥ 70 years) and younger patients (<70 years) with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who received radioembolization at 8 European centers. METHODS: Patients with confirmed diagnosis of unresectable HCC who either progressed following resection or locoregional treatment and/or who were considered poor candidates for chemoembolization were evaluated by a multidisciplinary team for radioembolization with (90)Y-resin microspheres (SIR-Spheres; Sirtex Medical). The survival outcome and all adverse events were compared between the two age groups. RESULTS: Between 2003 and 2009, 128 elderly and 197 younger patients received radioembolization. Patients in both groups had similar demographic characteristics. Many elderly and younger patients alike had multinodular, BCLC stage C disease, invading both lobes (p = 0.648). Elderly patients had a lower tumor burden, a smaller median target liver volume (p = 0.016) and appeared more likely to receive segmental treatment (p = 0.054). Radioembolization was equally well tolerated in both cohorts and common procedure-related adverse events were predominantly grade 1-2 and of short duration. No significant differences in survival between the groups were found (p = 0.942) with similar median survival in patients with early, intermediate or advanced BCLC stage disease. CONCLUSIONS: Radioembolization appears to be as well-tolerated and effective for the elderly as it is for younger patients with unresectable HCC. Age alone should not be a discriminating factor for the management of HCC patients. Copyright © 2013 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Hepatol and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

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