Author(s): Xia L, Xia L, Yang M, Li Q
Background: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are increasingly used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), but loss of complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) indicates treatment failure.
Aim: To compare the efficacy of Sokal, European Treatment Outcome Study (EUTOS), and Hasford prognostic scores with 3-month and 12-month CCyR, event-free survival (EFS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with chronic-phase CML (CP-CML) undergoing imatinib therapy. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 210 patients with CP-CML treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University treated between January 2006 and December 2013. Sokal, EUTOS, and Hasford scores were compared with 3-month and 12-month CCyR, EFS, and PFS.
Results: Kaplan–Meier analyses revealed that 3-month and 12-month CCyR and PFS were lower in patients with high EUTOS scores, and intermediate or high Sokal and Hasford scores (all P<0.05). Furthermore, EFS was lower in patients with intermediate or high Sokal and Hasford scores (both P<0.05). Hasford score (hazard ratio =2.608, 95% confidence interval: 1.473–4.617, P=0.001) was independently associated with 3-month CCyR. Conclusion: Although all three scoring systems were associated with EFS, PFS, and 3-month and 12-month CCyR in the Kaplan–Meier analyses (except EFS with EUTOS), only the Hasford score was independently associated with 3m-CCyR, while EUTOS score and Sokal score were not independently associated with any of these outcomes.Journal of Leukemia