Author(s): Talukder MA, Morrison RR, Mustafa SJ
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Abstract The present study was designed to characterize and compare the vascular effects of adenosine and its analogs in the murine heart and aorta. Mouse hearts perfused under constant pressure in standard Langendorff fashion demonstrated concentration-dependent increases in coronary flow to adenosine, 2-chloradenosine (CAD), 5'-(N-ethyl-carboxamido)-adenosine (NECA), and 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethylamino-5'-N-ethylcarboxam-idoadenosine (CGS-21680). All agonists produced comparable increases in coronary flow with the following order of potency: CGS-21680 = NECA >> CAD > or = adenosine. In l-phenylephrine hydrochloride (phenylephrine) precontracted aortic rings, all nonselective agonists (NECA, CAD, and adenosine) produced marked concentration-dependent relaxation, whereas the adenosine A(2A) selective agonist CGS-21680 did not. Adenosine receptor agonists were >100 times more potent for coronary vasodilation than aortic vasorelaxation. The selective A(2A) receptor antagonist 5-amino-7-(beta-phenylethyl)-2-(8-furyl)pyrazolo-[4,3-e]-1,2,4-triazolo-[1,5-c]pyrimidine (SCH-58261) blocked both CGS-21680- and NECA-induced increases in coronary flow, whereas the A(2B) receptor antagonist benzo[g]pteridine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione (alloxazine) inhibited NECA-induced aortic relaxation. These data indicate a differential response to adenosine agonists in murine coronary vasculature and aorta where coronary vasodilation is mediated predominantly by activation of A(2A) adenosine receptors.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy