alexa Comparison of two-stage thermophilic (68 degrees C 55 degrees C) anaerobic digestion with one-stage thermophilic (55 degrees C) digestion of cattle manure.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Nielsen HB, Mladenovska Z, Westermann P, Ahring BK

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Abstract A two-stage 68 degrees C/55 degrees C anaerobic degradation process for treatment of cattle manure was studied. In batch experiments, an increase of the specific methane yield, ranging from 24\% to 56\%, was obtained when cattle manure and its fractions (fibers and liquid) were pretreated at 68 degrees C for periods of 36, 108, and 168 h, and subsequently digested at 55 degrees C. In a lab-scale experiment, the performance of a two-stage reactor system, consisting of a digester operating at 68 degrees C with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 3 days, connected to a 55 degrees C reactor with 12-day HRT, was compared with a conventional single-stage reactor running at 55 degrees C with 15-days HRT. When an organic loading of 3 g volatile solids (VS) per liter per day was applied, the two-stage setup had a 6\% to 8\% higher specific methane yield and a 9\% more effective VS-removal than the conventional single-stage reactor. The 68 degrees C reactor generated 7\% to 9\% of the total amount of methane of the two-stage system and maintained a volatile fatty acids (VFA) concentration of 4.0 to 4.4 g acetate per liter. Population size and activity of aceticlastic methanogens, syntrophic bacteria, and hydrolytic/fermentative bacteria were significantly lower in the 68 degrees C reactor than in the 55 degrees C reactors. The density levels of methanogens utilizing H2/CO2 or formate were, however, in the same range for all reactors, although the degradation of these substrates was significantly lower in the 68 degrees C reactor than in the 55 degrees C reactors. Temporal temperature gradient electrophoresis profiles (TTGE) of the 68 degrees C reactor demonstrated a stable bacterial community along with a less divergent community of archaeal species. Copyright 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This article was published in Biotechnol Bioeng and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

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