Author(s): Kawamura M, Spadafora A, Kim KJ, Komabayashi T
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare cross-national differences of dental health behaviour among dental hygiene students. DESIGN: Cross-cultural differences. SETTING: United States (USA) and Korea. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-six dental hygiene students in USA and 246 in Korea were surveyed using the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) (in English and Korean versions respectively). RESULTS: There were considerable differences in oral health behaviour between USA and Korean dental hygiene students. Of great significance were findings that while only a small proportion of the USA students (1\%) reported gum bleeding when they brushed their teeth, 37\% of the Korean students did so (P<0.001). Furthermore, only 19\% of the Korean students had been told by their dentist that they were performing a high level of plaque control, contrasted with 76\% of the USA students. Logistic regression model showed that it was possible to distinguish USA students from Korean peers with a probability of more than 90\% by using the HU-DBI. CONCLUSIONS: There were considerable differences in dental health attitudes/behaviour among dental hygiene students in the two countries. The variation in the favourable attitudes/behaviour toward oral health appeared to reflect the students' clinical training experience in Korea.
This article was published in Int Dent J
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy