Author(s): Dai Q, Li J, Zhou K, Liang T
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Abstract The existence of artificial sponges and antisense oligonucleotides designed to decrease the availability of microRNAs (miRNAs), a family of small non-coding RNAs that target RNA transcripts through miRNA response elements (MREs) involved in gene expression, suggests that miRNAs may also be regulated. The wide range of RNA transcripts harboring MREs, termed competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs), includes protein-coding messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and non-coding RNAs, for example long non-coding RNAs, pseudogenes and circular RNAs, which compete for a common pool of miRNAs as natural decoys. These ceRNAs are co-regulated and produce large, complex posttranscriptional regulatory networks, which have been implicated in numerous biological processes. The present review discusses recent discoveries that implicate natural microRNA decoys in the development of cancer.
This article was published in Oncol Lett
and referenced in Journal of Data Mining in Genomics & Proteomics