Author(s): Marceau C, Parc Y, Debroux E, Tiret E, Parc R
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Complete rectal prolapse is rare before the age of 50. The aim of our study was to identify the risk factors of total rectal prolapse before this age and to determine the surgical outcome in this specific group of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts of all patients, younger than 50 years old, treated for total rectal prolapse between June 1995 and December 2001 were reviewed. Associated conditions were noted and pre and postoperative functions were compared in regards of constipation and evacuations problems, anal continence (Wexner score), recurrent prolapse and overall satisfaction. All patients underwent an abdominal rectopexy according to the Orr-Loygue procedure. RESULTS: During the study period, 28 patients (21 females) with a mean age of 34 +/- 9 years were treated for a total rectal prolapse in our institution. Five patient (17.8\%) had minor complications. After a mean follow up of 25 months, the global continence improved significantly (Wexner score: 4.9 vs 2; P = 0.014): 8 patients suffering from liquid stools incontinence before surgery were continent after rectopexy, while 2 continent patients became incontinent to liquid stools after surgery. Fourteen patients had chronic psychiatric disease requiring permanent treatment. These patients suffered more frequently from constipation (12/14 vs 5/14; P =0.006) and required more often a digital evacuation before surgery (6/14 vs 1/14; P = 0.07) than non psychiatric patients. They also suffered from more severe constipation and required more enemas after surgery (1/14 vs 6/12; P = 0.03) compared to patients without psychiatric disease. The only two patients, who had recurrence also had psychiatric disease. CONCLUSION: Chronic psychiatric disease requiring long-term medication is observed in 50\% of patients with total rectal prolapse under the age of 50 years. Moreover, the medically induced constipation in these patients could represent a cause of poorer functional outcome. Therefore, we recommend the identification of this preoperative risk factor to assess the results of total rectal prolapse treatment in patients younger than 50 years of age.
This article was published in Colorectal Dis
and referenced in Journal of Pain & Relief