alexa Complex II inhibition by 3-NP causes mitochondrial fragmentation and neuronal cell death via an NMDA- and ROS-dependent pathway.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Liot G, Bossy B, Lubitz S, Kushnareva Y, Sejbuk N,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Mitochondrial respiratory complex II inhibition plays a central role in Huntington's disease (HD). Remarkably, 3-NP, a complex II inhibitor, recapitulates HD-like symptoms. Furthermore, decreases in mitochondrial fusion or increases in mitochondrial fission have been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases. However, the relationship between mitochondrial energy defects and mitochondrial dynamics has never been explored in detail. In addition, the mechanism of neuronal cell death by complex II inhibition remains unclear. Here, we tested the temporal and spatial relationship between energy decline, impairment of mitochondrial dynamics, and neuronal cell death in response to 3-NP using quantitative fluorescence time-lapse microscopy and cortical neurons. 3-NP caused an immediate drop in ATP. This event corresponded with a mild rise in reactive oxygen species (ROS), but mitochondrial morphology remained unaltered. Unexpectedly, several hours after this initial phase, a second dramatic rise in ROS occurred, associated with profound mitochondrial fission characterized by the conversion of filamentous to punctate mitochondria and neuronal cell death. Glutamate receptor antagonist AP5 abolishes the second peak in ROS, mitochondrial fission, and cell death. Thus, secondary excitotoxicity, mediated by glutamate receptor activation of the NMDA subtype, and consequent oxidative and nitrosative stress cause mitochondrial fission, rather than energy deficits per se. These results improve our understanding of the cellular mechanisms underlying HD pathogenesis.
This article was published in Cell Death Differ and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]m

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords