Author(s): Gustafsson J, Arvidson G, Karlsson G, Almgren M
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Abstract The association structures formed by cationic liposomes and DNA-plasmids have been successfully employed as gene carriers in transfection assays. In the present study such complexes was studied by cryo-TEM (cryo-transmission electron microscopy). Cationic liposomes made up by DOPE (dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine) and various amounts of three different cationic surfactants were investigated. The cryo-TEM analysis suggests that an excess of lipid in terms of charge, leads to entrapment of the DNA molecules between the lamellas in clusters of aggregated multilamellar structures. With increasing amounts of DNA free or loosely bound plasmids were found in the vicinity of the complexes. The importance of the choice of surfactant, as reported from many transfection assays, was not reflected in changes of the type of DNA-vesicle association. A tendency towards polymorphism of the lipid mixtures is reported and its possible implications are discussed.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy