Author(s): Bejarano IF, Carrillo AR, Dipierri JE, Romn EM, Abdo G
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) is made up of typical anthropometric indicators and their combination into seven categories, and proposes an additional measure to study malnutrition as an alternative to the evaluation of stunting, wasting and underweight as separate measures. OBJECTIVE: To assess the CIAF in the child population settled at different altitudinal zones in Jujuy. POPULATION AND METHODS: Weight and height were obtained from healthy 1 to 5 year-old control children, measured at primary healthcare centers (PHCCs) in Jujuy between 2005 and 2007. Nutritional status indicators such as underweight, stunting and wasting were determined as per the World Health Organization 2007 child growth standards. The CIAF and its seven categories were estimated by grouping data by gender, age and altitudinal zone (highlands: >2500 MASL; lowlands: <2500 MASL). The CIAF percentage differences for height, gender and age were verified using a chi-square test. RESULTS: A total of 8059 children were included. The CIAF for highland children (6.1\%) doubled that for lowland children (3.4\%) (p < 0.05), and underweight prevalence (group Y) was significantly higher in the highlands (p < 0.05). The CIAF value and stunting (group F) increased with age, but such increase was more significant in the highlands. CONCLUSIONS: A significantly higher CIAF was observed in highland children, at the expense of stunting. However, the index of anthropometric failure was not more than 10\% at both the highlands and the lowlands, and this accounts for a scarcely significant malnutrition health status in the studied child population of Jujuy.
This article was published in Arch Argent Pediatr
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences