Author(s): Nanjee MN, Cooke CJ, Wong JS, Hamilton RL, Olszewski WL,
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Abstract Peripheral lymph lipoproteins have been characterized in animals, but there is little information about their composition, and none about their ultrastructure, in normal humans. Therefore, we collected afferent leg lymph from 16 healthy males and quantified lipids and apolipoproteins in fractions separated by high performance-size exclusion chromatography. Apolipoprotein B (apoB) was found almost exclusively in low density lipoproteins. The distribution of apoA-I, particularly in lipoprotein A-I (LpA-I) without A-II particles, was shifted toward larger particles relative to plasma. The fractions containing these particles were also enriched in apoA-II, apoE, total cholesterol, and phospholipids and had greater unesterified cholesterol-to-cholesteryl ester ratios than their counterparts in plasma. Fractions containing smaller apoA-I particles were enriched in phospholipid. Most apoA-IV was lipid poor or lipid free. Most apoC-III coeluted with large apoA-I-containing particles. Electron microscopy showed that lymph contained discoidal particles not seen in plasma. These findings support other evidence that high density lipoproteins (HDL) undergo extensive remodeling in human tissue fluid. Total cholesterol concentration in lymph HDL was 30\% greater (P < 0.05) than could be explained by the transendothelial transfer of HDL from plasma, providing direct confirmation that HDL acquire cholesterol in the extravascular compartment. Net transport rates of new HDL cholesterol in the cannulated vessels corresponded to a mean whole body reverse cholesterol transport rate via lymph of 0.89 mmol (344 mg)/day.
This article was published in J Lipid Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology