alexa Composition of bone and apatitic biomaterials as revealed by intravital Raman microspectroscopy.


Journal of Bone Research

Author(s): Penel G

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Microcharacterization of biominerals allows a better understanding of the pathophysiological events that occur in calcified tissues and synthetic biomaterials. Different methods have been extensively used to conduct such investigations. A new model for the intravital study of the composition and structure of membranous bone by Raman microspectroscopy is described. Titanium bone chambers equipped with a fused-silica optical window were implanted transcutaneously in the calvaria of New Zealand rabbits. The implanted optical windows were well tolerated, and spectral acquisitions were performed without any additional invasive procedure. Bone and implanted apatitic biomaterials were analyzed at different times after surgery. All Raman bands were unambiguously identified in the bone and biomaterial spectra. The main PO4 and CO3 Raman bands in bone spectra were consistent with those found in the carbonated apatite spectrum. The major collagen bands were always observed around 1200-1300 (amide III) and 1600-1700 (amide I) delta cm(-1) and, 1400-1470 and 2800-3100 delta cm(-1) (bending and stretching modes of CH groups, respectively). The phenylalanine (Phe) band was identified in all spectra at 1003 delta cm(-1) and overlapped that of the weak HPO4(2-) ion. The CH bands frequently overlapped the lipid bands. However a distinct protein and lipid bands were detected at 2950 and 2852 delta cm(-1), respectively. In bone areas close to blood vessels, the Raman signature of hemoglobin was detected with a characteristic band at 754 delta cm(-1). The changes observed in bone varied as a function of time and location. The composition and structure of all of the biomaterials studied--including those that were resorbable--seemed to remain stable over time and location. We report for the first time the complete intravital study of Raman spectra of bone and calcium phosphate biomaterials over a period of 8 months. This new approach does not require specimen preparation and allows simultaneous observation of mineral and organic bone constituents over time, which therefore should provide insightful information about their relationship.

This article was published in Bone. and referenced in Journal of Bone Research

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