Author(s): R V Sokolova, S M Awada, T N Zvyagintseva, H M Kanaan
The polysaccharide compositions of the brown algae Dictyopteris polypodioides andSargassum sp. from the Mediterranean Sea were determined. The principal polysaccharide of the studied algae (about 12% of the dry alga weight) was alginic acid. The content of water-soluble polysaccharides was low. The amount of fucoidan was less than 1% of the dry alga weight; of neutral polysaccharides, less than 0.25%. The monosaccharide compositions of fucoidans and neutral polysaccharides were investigated. Experiments on soft agar-agar models showed that fucoidans from D. polypodioides and Sargassum sp. exhibited antitumor activity against RPMI-7951 human melanoma cells.