Author(s): Kang JH, Shin SH, Bruera E
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Abstract Delirium is a frequently under-recognized complication in patients with advanced cancer. Uncontrolled delirium eventually leads to significant distress to patients and their families. However, delirium episodes can be reversed in half of these patients by eliminating precipitating factors and using appropriate interventions. The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss the most recent updates in the literature on the management of delirium in patients with advanced cancer. This article addresses the epidemiology, cause, pathophysiology, clinical characteristics, and assessment of delirium as well as various treatment options, including nonpharmacologic intervention and palliative sedation. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cancer Treat Rev
and referenced in Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine