alexa Computational strategies for evaluating barrier heights for gas-phase reactions of lithium enolates.


Organic Chemistry: Current Research

Author(s): Pratt LM, Van Nguyn N, Ramachandran B

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Abstract Gas-phase activation energies were calculated for three lithium enolate reactions by using several different ab initio and density functional theory (DFT) methods to determine which levels of theory generate acceptable results. The reactions included an aldol-type addition of an enolate to an aldehyde, a proton transfer from an alcohol to a lithium enolate, and an S(N)2 reaction of an enolate with chloromethane. For each reaction, the calculations were performed for both the monomeric and dimeric forms of the lithium enolate. It was found that transition state geometry optimization with B3LYP followed by single point MP2 calculations generally provided acceptable results compared to higher level ab initio methods. This article was published in J Org Chem and referenced in Organic Chemistry: Current Research

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