Author(s): Johnstone M, Tanner D, Chau B, Kopecky K
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Abstract Cytochalasin B at concentrations of 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, or 40 microgram/ml was continuously exchange-perfused into the eyes of nine living Macaca mulatta monkeys while intraocular pressure (IOP) was maintained at 25 mm Hg for 30 min. Pressures were then slowly reduced to 4 mm Hg to permit blood to reflux into Schlemm's canal as a tracer, and the eyes were fixed while maintained at 4 mm Hg IOP. Tissues were examined in all eyes by light and transmission electron microscopy. At concentrations of 1, 5, and 10 microgram/ml cytochalasin B, the integrity of the endothelial lining of the trabecular wall of Schlemm's canal was maintained. At 15 microgram/ml cytochalasin B, 6\% of the length of the endothelial lining was disrupted; at 20 microgram/ml, 54\%; and at 40 microgram/ml, 83\%. There was a washout of extracellular material at the site of breaks and also a reflux of blood from Schlemm's canal into the trabecular meshwork in the same regions.
This article was published in Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta