Author(s): Kayser R, Mahlfeld K, Heyde CE
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Abstract Concepts for treating back pain by considering recent advancements in understanding chronic pain have been increasingly discussed over the last years. In general, any kind of therapy requires a most accurate diagnosis; however, in cases of lumbar back pain matching clinical observations with known structural pathologies is not always straight forward. Here, we suggest a concept of in-patient gradual diagnosis of patients with back pain that includes stepwise structural and functional components. We emphasize that in addition to the specific (classifiable) factors causing back pain (e.g. compression of lumbar nerve roots, facet joint associated pain syndrome, sacroiliacal dysfunction, segmental instability) also unspecific (non-classifiable) causes as well as disease-associated and/or determining bio-psychological or social factors need to be considered. With this study, we aim to introduce the procedure and assess the value of in-patient gradual diagnostics. We will describe different approaches, which we will evaluate for specific indications.
This article was published in Orthopade
and referenced in Journal of Spine