alexa Concomitant intensity modulated boost during whole breast hypofractionated radiotherapy--a feasibility and toxicity study.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Atherosclerosis: Open Access

Author(s): Teh AY, Walsh L, Purdie TG, Mosseri A, Xu W,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Breast cancer sensitivity to large fraction size may be enhanced using hypofractionated concomitant boost radiotherapy (CBRT), thereby shortening overall treatment time. This ethics approved, prospective single cohort feasibility study was designed to evaluate the dosimetry and toxicity of CBRT using an intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) technique, compared with a standard sequential boost technique (SBT). METHODS: Fifteen women (11 right-sided; 4 left-sided) received 42.4 Gy to the whole breast and an additional 10.08 Gy to the tumor bed in 16 daily fractions, using IMRT and standard dose constraints. Each patient was replanned with the SBT, using mixed photon-electrons. Clinical target volume (CTV), dose evaluation volume (DEV), and organs at risk (OAR) dose distributions were compared with the SBT. Toxicity and treatment times were prospectively recorded. RESULTS: All 15 CBRT plans achieved the desired CTV (V(49.9Gy) ≥ 99\%) and DEV (V(49.9Gy) ≥ 95\%), coverage of the boost, compared with only 10 (66.7\%, p=0.03), and 12 (80\%, p=0.125) SBT plans, respectively. Ipsilateral lung (p<0.0001), and heart (right-sided, p=0.001; left-sided, p=0.13) doses were lower. Grade 3 acute toxicity occurred in 1 (6.7\%) patient. At 1 year, two (13.3\%) additional patients had overall grade 2 late toxicity, compared with baseline. No grade 3-4 late toxicity was observed. CONCLUSIONS: CBRT using IMRT improved boost coverage and lowered OAR doses, compared with SBT. Toxicities were acceptable using a daily boost of 3.28 Gy. While resource utilization was greater, overall treatment time was reduced. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Radiother Oncol and referenced in Atherosclerosis: Open Access

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