Author(s): Schlosser HG, Suess O, Vajkoczy P, van Landeghem FK, Zeitz M, , Schlosser HG, Suess O, Vajkoczy P, van Landeghem FK, Zeitz M,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: During neurosurgery intraoperative imaging of vital neural structures on a cellular level would facilitate the development of new strategies for diagnosis and treatment. In vivo imaging would permit the detection of the tumour centre and infiltration zone. With targeted biopsies the lesion of interest could be determined before performing the biopsy, facilitating the final pathological diagnosis. In this study we present confocal neurolasermicroscopy as a new method in neurosurgery. METHODS: A miniaturised confocal neurolasermicroscope (NLM) was used ex vivo immediately after tumour resection of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). NLM was performed with subcellular magnification up to a tissue depth of 100 microm. NLM images were compared to conventional histological images of the same tumour. RESULTS: The application of the method in nine patients allowed adequate diagnosis of a malignant glioma fulfilling the WHO criteria when compared to conventional histology. In one patient with glioblastoma multiforme NLM allowed the correct diagnosis of GBM to be made, demonstrating the high mitotic rate and cell pleomorphy of the tumour cells. Additional characteristics such as pleomorphic cells, mitotic figures, fibrillary matrix and the distinction between tumour centre and infiltration zone could be shown. CONCLUSIONS: NLM is a tool which could be adapted for neurosurgical intraoperative applications with the potential to diagnose tumours and recognise the tumour centre and infiltration zone in vivo. Further applications of NLM to characterise subcellular structures and vascular architecture are possible. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart * New York.
This article was published in Cent Eur Neurosurg
and referenced in Journal of Multiple Sclerosis