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Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

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Abstract PIP: A description was provided of a new joint program between the World Health Organization [WHO] the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and the World Bank, to improve efforts to fight AIDS. WHO estimates of African HIV incidence are 33\% of those aged 15-49 years in some urban areas; as many as 60\% of new infections are among youth aged 15-24 years old. Current HIV infections worldwide in 1993 were estimated at 14 million adults and 1 million children. By the year 2000, an estimated 30-40 million will have been HIV-infected. The consortium of UN agencies agreed to cooperate to improve efforts to prevent the spread of AIDS and to make preparations for the advent of increasing numbers of new cases. Program administration will be performed by WHO. The human, rather than the statistical, picture of AIDS is one of suffering and loss; the initial course of the disease does not show any apparent symptoms. There is a loss of life and depletion of valuable labor, there is loss of loved ones and caretakers, and there are costly demands of time, labor, and money in treatment of those symptomatic and in social services. 1) The joint effort will provide global leadership and coordinated effort to assure coordinated funding at global and national levels. More comprehensive international support will go to those countries having difficulty coping with their growing numbers of AIDS victims. 2) The objective will be to "reinforce national capacity to respond to the epidemic." Mobilization is necessary for those countries complacent about AIDS/HIV. This joint effort has been part of a continuing investment by the UN since 1983, when WHO held the first international conference on AIDS in Geneva. A global strategy was drawn up and a special program adopted in May, 1987. Resolution 42/8 was adopted by the UN General Assembly in October, 1987. The program objectives were to prevent HIV infection, reduce the impact, and mobilize resources to combat AIDS. An update of the strategy in May, 1992, led to an emphasis on AIDS health care, sexually transmitted disease treatment, and eliminating stigmas. An AIDS Handbook for Families was prepared.
This article was published in UN Chron and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

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