Author(s): CerdaGonzalez S, Dewey CW
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Abstract Craniocervical junction disorders are most frequently seen in toy and small-breed dogs. They can present a diagnostic challenge, as multiple anomalies can be present concurrently and share similar clinical manifestations. Some, such as Chiari-like malformations, may be present in asymptomatic dogs. A thorough evaluation of the entire craniocervical junction, frequently using more than 1 imaging modality, is necessary before making treatment decisions.
This article was published in Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology