Author(s): Leroy JG
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Abstract The congenital disorders of N-glycosylation (CDG), a steadily increasing group of multi-systemic disorders, have severe clinical implications in infancy and early childhood. The various inborn errors responsible adversely affect N-glycosylation of lysosomal proteins because of either failing assembly of lipid-linked (LL) oligosaccharides (OS) in the endoplasmic reticulum, CDG Type I, or faulty processing of the asparagines (N)-linked OS in the ER and in the Golgi, CDG Type II. The overlap of phenotypes precludes specific clinical delineation. Isoelectric focusing (IEF) of plasma transferrin remains a valuable, albeit imperfect, screening tool. IEF of plasma ApoC-III protein, introduced O-glycosylation defects that delineated some new CDGs due to mutations of both N- and O-glycosylation. Only CDG-Ib is amenable to treatment with free mannose supplementation. Hence, early specific diagnosis of any one entity is crucial for genetic counseling and elective preventive measures.
This article was published in Pediatr Res
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics