Author(s): Li K, Zhan R, Feng SS, Liu B
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Abstract Two conjugated polymers, poly[9,9-bis(2-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl) fluorenyldivinylene] (PFV) and the PFV derivative containing 10 mol \% 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BT) units (PFVBT), have been synthesized and employed to fabricate conjugated polymer loaded nanospheres for simultaneous discrimination of mixed live cancer cells in one solution. The incorporation of BT units into the PFV backbone leads to PFVBT with a similar absorption maximum but significantly red-shifted emission in film state as compared to those of PFV, due to aggregation enhanced energy transfer from the fluorenevinylene segments to electron-deficient BT units. Both conjugated polymer loaded nanospheres have shown optical features that are similar to their film states, which allow simultaneous multichannel signal collection with negligible interference upon excitation at a single wavelength. After further surface functionalization with antihuman epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) affibody or arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide, the distinct fluorescence from PFV or PFVBT loaded nanospheres allows differentiation of SKBR-3 breast cancer cells (HER2 overexpression) from HT-29 colon cancer cells (integrin receptor overexpression) in live cell mixtures. The conjugated polymer loaded nanospheres with high quantum yield, low cytotoxicity, and multiple color emission upon single laser excitation are ideal for simultaneous multiple-target imaging and detection.
This article was published in Anal Chem
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy