Author(s): Berry AM, Davidson PM, Nicholson L, Pasqualotto C, Rolls K
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: Oropharyngeal colonisation has been identified as a factor contributing to ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). We sought to develop a clinical practice guideline for providing oral hygiene in the critically ill. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: Following a systematic literature review a prospectively derived consensus development conference was convened and sponsored by a clinical governance unit. RESULTS: The consensus development conference generated 12 recommendations for tools and solutions; frequency and duration of cleaning; oral assessment tools and oral hygiene protocols. These recommendations underwent a validation process. CONCLUSIONS: In light of sparse high level evidence to inform guidelines, further research is needed inform clinical practice. Oral hygiene is a critical element of nursing care and a standardised approach has the potential to improve clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Intensive Crit Care Nurs
and referenced in Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health