Author(s): Perner A, Andresen L, Normark M, RaskMadsen J
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the human colon is considered expressed only in inflammatory states such as ulcerative or collagenous colitis. As subtle iNOS labelling was previously observed in some colonic mucosal biopsies from a heterogeneous group of controls with non-inflamed bowel, we studied whether bowel preparation with bisacodyl or polyethylene glycol prior to sigmoidoscopy might induce iNOS expression. METHODS: Ten healthy, non-smoking male subjects were investigated. Mucosal biopsies were taken from the sigmoid colon prior to bowel preparation and again 12 h after rectal administration of bisacodyl or polyethylene glycol in randomized order. Expression of iNOS protein was quantified by Western blot analysis and localized by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: iNOS was expressed in the colonic mucosal biopsies from all subjects and localized in the epithelial cells, particularly at the luminal border of the epithelial cells and more pronounced in the crypt epithelium. The expression of iNOS was unaffected by bowel preparation with bisacodyl or polyethylene glycol. CONCLUSIONS: iNOS is constitutively expressed in the normal colonic epithelium. The results suggest that synthesis of iNOS protein is unaffected by bowel preparation with the secretagogue laxative, bisacodyl, or polyethylene glycol.
This article was published in Scand J Gastroenterol
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology