Author(s): Hinz M, Lser P, Mathas S, Krappmann D, Drken B,
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Abstract Constitutively activated nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB is observed in a variety of neoplastic diseases and is a hallmark of the malignant Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells (H/RS) in Hodgkin lymphoma. Given the distinctive role of constitutive NF-kappaB for H/RS cell viability, NF-kappaB-dependent target genes were searched for by using adenoviral expression of the super-repressor IkappaBDeltaN. A surprisingly small but characteristic set of genes, including the cell-cycle regulatory protein cyclin D2, the antiapoptotic proteins Bfl-1/A1, c-IAP2, TRAF1, and Bcl-x(L), and the cell surface receptors CD86 and CD40 were identified. Thus, constitutive NF-kappaB activity maintains expression of a network of genes, which are known for frequent, marker-like expression in primary or cultured H/RS cells. Intriguingly, CD40, which is able to activate CD86 or Bcl-x(L) via NF-kappaB, is itself transcriptionally regulated by NF-kappaB through a promoter proximal binding site. NF-kappaB inhibition resulted in massive spontaneous and p53-independent apoptosis, which could be rescued by ectopic expression of Bcl-x(L), underscoring its dominant role in survival of H/RS cells. Hence, NF-kappaB controls a signaling network in H/RS cells, which promotes tumor cell growth and confers resistance to apoptosis.
This article was published in Blood
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy