alexa [Construct validation study of the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ) on an adult sample].


Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy

Author(s): Gudeney N, Fermanian J, Bifulco A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The authors present the construct validity of the French version of the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ) designed by Griffin and Bartholomew (1994), which is the most widely-used self-report concerning adult attachment. OBJECTIVES: To improve knowledge on the psychometric properties of the RSQ by studying the construct validity on a sample of adults. METHOD: Subjects were recruited in a primary social care setting in Paris, France, and asked to fill in the RSQ twice: the first time just before meeting the social worker in charge, the second time, at home, with a prestamped form, two days later. A questionnaire on sociodemographic and economic variables was also filled in during the first time. Statistical analyses were conducted using Exploratory Factor Analysis with orthogonal rotation. The reliability was studied using Cronbach's coefficient for each new scale from the factor analysis. The test-retest reliability was studied for the prototypic scales and for the scales from the factor analysis, using the intra-class correlation method. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-six subjects were recruited and completed the two forms (mean interval: 2.16 days). The factor analysis gives a three-factor structure explaining 48\% of the total variance. The three factors were: factor 1 "Avoidance" with seven items explaining 21\% of the total variance; factor 2 "Anxiety in the relationships" (five items) explaining 14\% of total variance and factor 3 "Security" (five items) explaining 11\% of the total variance. Cronbach's coefficient was low for the prototypical scales (0.41 for "secure", 0.54 for "fearful", 0.22 for "preoccupied", and moderate for "dismissive" (0.64). It was moderate for the scales designed from the factor analysis (0.66 for F1, 0.69 for F2 and 0 .60 for F3). The Intraclass Coefficients (ICC) were modest for the four prototypical scales (ICC<0.70) and were good for the scales designed from the factor analysis (F1: ICC=0.80; F2: ICC=0.85 and F3: ICC=0.78). DISCUSSION: The construct validity studied on an adult sample confirms the good psychometric properties of the RSQ considering the factor analysis, the test-retest short time reliability and the internal consistency. The factor analysis with three factors provides a different structure of classical descriptions with only two factors, but confirms the most recent results on Attachment Self-Reports that find a factor concerning security and two factors concerning management of insecurity (avoidance and anxiety in relationships). To be confirmed, the results require further research (confirmatory factor analysis, larger sample, other type of population). Copyright (c) 2009 L'Encéphale, Paris. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. This article was published in Encephale and referenced in Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version