alexa Context effects in phoneme and word recognition by young children and older adults.


Journal of Communication Disorders, Deaf Studies & Hearing Aids

Author(s): Nittrouer S, Boothroyd A

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Abstract Perception is influenced both by characteristics of the stimulus, and by the context in which it is presented. The relative contributions of each of these factors depend, to some extent, on perceiver characteristics. The contributions of word and sentence context to the perception of phonemes within words and words within sentences, respectively, have been well studied for normal, young adults. However, far less is known about these context effects for much younger and older listeners. In the present study, measures of these context effects were obtained from young children (ages 4 years 6 months to 6 years 6 months) and from older adults (over 62 years), and compared with those of the young adults in an earlier study [A. Boothroyd and S. Nittrouer, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 101-114 (1988)]. Both children and older adults demonstrated poorer overall recognition scores than did young adults. However, responses of children and older adults demonstrated similar context effects, with two exceptions: Children used the semantic constraints of sentences to a lesser extent than did young or older adults, and older adults used lexical constraints to a greater extent than either of the other two groups.
This article was published in J Acoust Soc Am and referenced in Journal of Communication Disorders, Deaf Studies & Hearing Aids

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