Author(s): Anastassiadis S, Aivasidis A, Wandrey C
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Abstract By extensive microbial screening, about 50 strains with the ability to secrete gluconic acid were isolated from wild flowers. The strains belong to the yeast-like mould Aureobasidium pullulans (de Bary) Arnaud. In shake flask experiments, gluconic acid concentrations between 23 and 140 g/l were produced within 2 days using a mineral medium. In batch experiments, various important fermentation parameters influencing gluconic acid production by A. pullulans isolate 70 (DSM 7085) were identified. Continuous production of gluconic acid with free-growing cells of the isolated yeast-like microorganisms was studied. About 260 g/l gluconic acid at total glucose conversion could be achieved using continuous stirred tank reactors in defined media with residence times (RT) of about 26 h. The highest space-time-yield of 19.3 g l(-1) x h(-1)) with a gluconic acid concentration of 207.5 g/l was achieved with a RT of 10.8 h. The possibility of gluconic acid production with biomass retention by immobilised cells on porous sinter glass is discussed. The new continuous gluconate fermentation process provides significant advantages over traditional discontinuous operation employing Aspergillus niger. The aim of this work was the development of a continuous fermentation process for the production of gluconic acid. Process control becomes easier, offering constant product quality and quantity.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology