Author(s): Pasquina P, Merlani P, Granier JM, Ricou B
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Atelectasis is common after cardiac surgery and may result in impaired gas exchange. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is often used to prevent or treat postoperative atelectasis. We hypothesized that noninvasive pressure support ventilation (NIPSV) by increasing tidal volume could improve the evolution of atelectasis more than CPAP. One-hundred-fifty patients admitted to our surgical intensive care unit (SICU) with a Radiological Atelectasis Score >or=2 after cardiac surgery were randomly assigned to receive either CPAP or NIPSV four times a day for 30 min. Positive end-expiratory pressure was set at 5 cm H(2)O in both groups. In the NIPSV group, pressure support was set to provide a tidal volume of 8-10 mL/kg. At SICU discharge, we observed an improvement of the Radiological Atelectasis Score in 60\% of the patients with NIPSV versus 40\% of those receiving CPAP (P = 0.02). There was no difference in oxygenation (Pao(2)/fraction of inspired oxygen at SICU discharge: 280 +/- 38 in the CPAP group versus 301 +/- 40 in the NIPSV group), pulmonary function tests, or length of stay. Minor complications, such as gastric distensions, were similar in the two groups. NIPSV was superior to CPAP regarding the improvement of atelectasis based on radiological score but did not confer any additional clinical benefit, raising the question of its usefulness for altering outcome.
This article was published in Anesth Analg
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology