Author(s): Cavagnaro F, Kattan J, Godoy L, Gonzles A, Vogel A,
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Abstract Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a therapy that ensures adequate tissue oxygen delivery in patients suffering cardiac and/or respiratory failure that are unresponsive to conventional therapy. During ECMO, it is common to see a decrease in urine output that may be associated with acute renal failure. In this context, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) should be considered. Our aim is to evaluate a pioneer experience in Latin America, related to the use of CRRT in a group of neonatal-pediatric patients during ECMO. We conducted a retrospective review of patients treated with ECMO at our institution between May 2003 and May 2005. Twelve infants were treated with ECMO, six of them also underwent CRRT. The main reasons for CRRT initiation were fluid overload and progressive azotemia. Observed complications were clots in the filter and excessive ultrafiltration. CRRT was successful in fluid management and solute clearance in all patients. Discharge survival rate was 83\%, all of them with normal renal function. Concurrent CRRT with ECMO is technically feasible and efficacious in the management of fluid overload and solute clearance. We report the first experience with these therapies in a Latin American neonatal-pediatric ECMO program associated with the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization.
This article was published in Int J Artif Organs
and referenced in Surgery: Current Research