alexa Contraception: awareness and practice amongst Nigerian tertiary school girls.


Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing

Author(s): Adinma JI, Okeke AO

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Abstract Contraception is analysed in 498 Nigerian Tertiary School Girls--228 from the Medical Discipline (MD) of study and 270 from the Non-Medical Discipline (NMD). Pregnancy occurred in 30.5\% of the sexually exposed students. Overall mean awareness of contraception was 70.9\% while mean contraceptive usage was 23.5\%. The most commonly used contraceptive method was the safe-period. Peer group constituted the highest source of information on contraception (42.6\%) while lectures constituted the lowest (11.2\%). Sex and contraceptive education entrenched into the country's education policy is advocated. PIP: Analysis of a sample of 498 female students in Tertiary Schools in Anambra state in Nigeria reveals 54.2\% were nonmedical students (NMD) and 45.8\% were medical students (MD). The mean age was 21.8 years, and 87.1\% were younger than 25. 36.6\% of NMD and only 20.7\% of MD were exposed to sexual intercourse. Pregnancy was highest among the sexually exposed group (30.5\% compared to 24.7\%). The incidence of pregnancy was 14.0\% for the NMD group and 3.2\% among the MD group. 92.2\% knew about oral contraceptives. Students were least aware of traditional methods (42.6\%). Contraceptive awareness was almost the same for NMD and MD groups. Mean contraceptive usage, however, was higher among the NMD group (14.8\%) compared to the MD group (8.7\%). Mean contraceptive usage among both groups was 23.5\%. The most commonly used method was the safe period (36.8\% for NMDs and 22.5\% for MDs). 1.4\% indicated a lack of knowledge about sources of contraception, and 3.6\% did not answer. Most students belonged to a Christian religion among this largely Igbo-speaking population. 35\% belonged to the Roman Catholic Mission, which may be the reason for the low modern method use. Peers were the primary source of information on contraception.
This article was published in West Afr J Med and referenced in Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing

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