Author(s): Adinma JI, Agbai AO, Okeke AO, Okaro JM
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Abstract Contraception is reviewed in 314 teenage Nigerian school girls comprising 128 students at secondary and 186 at tertiary levels of institution. Out of all the teenagers, 26.8\% were sexually exposed, among whom there was a total pregnancy rate of 19.05\%. The rate of sexual exposure was higher in teenagers from tertiary institutions, 38.7\% compared with 9.4\% from secondary institutions. However, the pregnancy rate was higher among the sexually exposed secondary school girls, 33\% vs. 16.7\% for tertiary school girls. The mean level of contraceptive awareness for the various methods of contraception was 38.2\% for the entire survey group: 22.6\% for the secondary school girls and 54.4\% for the tertiary school girls. Mean true contraceptive usage (TCU) among sexually active students, on the other hand, was 17.7\%: 5\% and 16.5\% for the secondary school girls and tertiary school girls, respectively. The source of information on contraception for the study group was highest from 'a friend' (37.3\%) and from the 'newsprint' (36.9\%) and was lowest from routine 'lectures and sex instructions' (9.2\%). Twenty-five point five per cent of the entire study group, 43\% of the secondary school girls and 13.4\% of the tertiary school girls, had never had any information on contraception. Instruction on contraception, as part of the academic curricula at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education, would improve contraceptive knowledge and forestall the emotional and social problems resulting from unwanted teenage pregnancies.
This article was published in Adv Contracept
and referenced in Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing