alexa Contribution of claudin-5 to barrier properties in tight junctions of epithelial cells.


Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer and Stromal Tumors

Author(s): Amasheh S, Schmidt T, Mahn M, Florian P, Mankertz J, Fromm M

Abstract Share this page

Claudin-5 is a transmembrane protein reported to be primarily present in tight junctions of endothelia. Unexpectedly, we found expression of claudin-5 in HT-29/B6 cells, an epithelial cell line derived from human colon. Confocal microscopy showed colocalization of claudin-5 with occludin, indicating its presence in the tight junctions. By contrast, claudin-5 was absent in the human colonic cell line Caco-2 and in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK sub-clones C7 and C11), an epithelial cell line derived from the collecting duct. To determine the contribution of claudin-5 to tight junctional permeability in cells of human origin, stable transfection of Caco-2 with FLAG-claudin-5 cDNA was performed. In addition, clone MDCK-C7 was transfected. Synthesis of the exogenous FLAG-claudin-5 was verified by Western blot analysis and confocal fluorescent imaging by employing FLAG-specific antibody. FLAG-claudin-5 was detected in transfected cells in colocalization with occludin, whereas cells transfected with the vector alone did not exhibit specific signals. Resistance measurements and mannitol fluxes after stable transfection with claudin-5 cDNA revealed a marked increase of barrier function in cells of low genuine transepithelial resistance (Caco-2). By contrast, no changes of barrier properties were detected in cells with a high transepithelial resistance (MDCK-C7) after stable transfection with claudin-5 cDNA. We conclude that claudin-5 is present in epithelial cells of colonic origin and that it contributes to some extent to the paracellular seal. Claudin-5 may thus be classified as a tight-junctional protein capable of contributing to the "sealing" of the tight junction.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in Cell Tissue Res and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer and Stromal Tumors

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version