alexa Contribution of ductal cells to cytokine responses by human pancreatic islets.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Pavlovic D, Chen MC, Bouwens L, Eizirik DL, Pipeleers D

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In type 1 diabetes, autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta-cells has been attributed to cytokines released from infiltrating immunocytes. Exposure of isolated islets to cytokines leads to nitric oxide (NO) production, which can damage beta-cells. Because ductal cells are closely associated with human beta-cells, we examined whether they can contribute to this process. Isolated human ductal cells were cultured for 48 h with various cytokines. The combination of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) plus interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) increased nitric oxide production 12-fold while stimulating mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In this condition, 10-20\% of cells positive for the cytokeratin-19 duct marker also stained positive for iNOS protein, whereas no positive cells were found in control preparations. Comparison of the magnitude of iNOS mRNA expression and nitric oxide production in these cells with that in isolated human islets suggests that >50\% of total islet nitric oxide production might originate from associated ductal cells. It is concluded that ductal cells are a potential source of nitric oxide production in human islets infiltrated by cytokine-releasing immunocytes.
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version