alexa Control of HIV-1 viremia and protection from AIDS are associated with HLA-Bw4 homozygosity.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): FloresVillanueva PO, Yunis EJ, Delgado JC, Vittinghoff E, Buchbinder S, , FloresVillanueva PO, Yunis EJ, Delgado JC, Vittinghoff E, Buchbinder S,

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Abstract Certain HLA-B antigens have been associated with lack of progression to AIDS. HLA-B alleles can be divided into two mutually exclusive groups based on the expression of the molecular epitopes HLA-Bw4 and HLA-Bw6. Notably, in addition to its role in presenting viral peptides for immune recognition, the HLA-Bw4, but not HLA-Bw6, motif functions as a ligand for a natural killer cell inhibitory receptor (KIR). Here, we show that profound suppression of HIV-1 viremia is significantly associated with homozygosity for HLA-B alleles that share the HLA-Bw4 epitope. Furthermore, homozygosity for HLA-Bw4 alleles was also significantly associated with the ability to remain AIDS free and to maintain a normal CD4 T cell count in a second cohort of HIV-1-infected individuals with well defined dates of seroconversion. This association was independent of the presence of a mutation in CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) associated with resistance to HIV-1 infection, and it was independent of the presence of HLA alleles that could potentially confound the results. We conclude that homozygosity for HLA-Bw4-bearing B alleles is associated with a significant advantage and that the HLA-Bw4 motif is important in AIDS pathogenesis.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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