Author(s): Abioye AO, KolaMustapha A
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Abstract PURPOSE: The direct effect of electrostatic interaction between ibuprofen and cationic dextran on the system-specific physicochemical parameters and intrinsic dissolution characteristics of ibuprofen was evaluated in order to develop drug-polymer nanoconjugate as a delivery strategy for poorly soluble drugs. METHODS: Amorphous ibuprofen-DEAE dextran (Ddex) nanoconjugate was prepared using a low energy, controlled amphiphile-polyelectrolyte electrostatic self-assembly technique optimized by ibuprofen critical solubility and Ddex charge screening. Physicochemical characteristics of the nanoconjugates were evaluated using FTIR, DSC, TGA, NMR and SEM relative to pure ibuprofen. The in vitro release profiles and mechanism of ibuprofen release were determined using mathematical models including zero and first order kinetics; Higuchi; Hixson-Crowell and Korsmeyer-Peppas. RESULTS: Electrostatic interaction between ibuprofen and Ddex was confirmed with FT-IR, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. The broad and diffused DSC peaks of the nanoconjugate as well as the disappearance of ibuprofen melting peak provided evidence for their highly amorphous state. Low concentrations of Ddex up to 1.0 × 10(-6) g/dm(3) enhanced dissolution of ibuprofen to a maximum of 81.32\% beyond which retardation occurred steadily. Multiple release mechanisms including diffusion; discrete drug dissolution; anomalous transport and super case II transport were noted. CONCLUSIONS: Controlled assembly of ibuprofen and Ddex produced a novel formulation with potential extended drug release dictated by Ddex concentration.
This article was published in Pharm Res
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta