Author(s): Fussenegger M, Schlatter S, Dtwyler D, Mazur X, Bailey JE
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Abstract The eukaryotic cell cycle is regulated by a complex network of many proteins. Effective reprogramming of this complex regulatory apparatus to achieve bioprocess goals, such as cessation of proliferation at high cell density to allow an extended period of high production, can require coordinated manipulation of multiple genes. Previous efforts to establish inducible cell-cycle arrest of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by regulated expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDI) p21 failed. By tetracycline-regulated coexpression of p21 and the differentiation factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (which both stabilizes and induces p21), we have achieved effective cell-cycle arrest. Production of a model heterologous protein (secreted alkaline phosphatase; SEAP) has been increased 10-15 times, on a per cell basis, relative to an isogenic control cell line. Because activation of apoptosis response is a possible complication in a proliferation-arrested culture, the survival gene bcl-xL was coexpressed with another CDI, p27, found to enable CHO cell-cycle arrest predominantly in G1 phase. CHO cells stably transfected with a tricistronic construct containing the genes for these proteins and for SEAP showed 30-fold higher SEAP expression than controls.
This article was published in Nat Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics