Author(s): Dhanve RS, Kalyani DC, Phugare SS, Jadhav JP
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Abstract A novel bacterial species identified as Exiguobacterium sp. RD3 degraded the diazo dye reactive yellow 84A (50 mg l(-1)) within 48 h at static condition, at 30 degrees C and pH 7. Lower salinity conditions were found to be favorable for growth and decolorization. Enzymatic activities of an H(2)O(2) independent oxidase along with laccase and an azoreductase suggest their prominent role during the decolorization of reactive yellow 84A. Presence of an H(2)O(2) independent oxidase in Exiguobacterium sp. RD3 was confirmed and hydrogen peroxide produced was detected by a coupled iodometric assay. Azoreductase activity was prominent in presence of cofactors NADH and NADP in mineral salt medium. Considerable depletion of COD of the dye solution during degradation of dye was indicative of conversion of complex dye into simple oxidizable products. Products of degradation were analyzed by HPLC, FTIR and GCMS. A possible product of the degradation was identified by GCMS. Degradation of dye resulted with significant reduction of phytotoxicity, confirming the environmentally safe nature of the degradation metabolites.
This article was published in Biodegradation
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development