Author(s): Yan W, Sheng N, Seto M, Morser J, Wu Q
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Abstract A novel cDNA has been identified from human heart that encodes an unusual mosaic serine protease, designated corin. Corin has a predicted structure of a type II transmembrane protein and contains two frizzled-like cysteine-rich motifs, seven low density lipoprotein receptor repeats, a macrophage scavenger receptor-like domain, and a trypsin-like protease domain in the extracellular region. Northern analysis showed that corin mRNA was highly expressed in the human heart. In mice, corin mRNA was detected by in situ hybridization in the cardiac myocytes of the embryonic heart as early as embryonic day (E) 9.5. By E11.5-13.5, corin mRNA was most abundant in the primary atrial septum and the trabecular ventricular compartment. Expression in the heart was maintained through the adult. In addition, mouse corin mRNA was also detected in the prehypertrophic chrondrocytes in developing bones. By fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis, the human corin gene was mapped to 4p12-13 where a congenital heart disease locus, total anomalous pulmonary venous return, had been previously localized. The unique domain structure and specific embryonic expression pattern suggest that corin may have a function in cell differentiation during development. The chromosomal localization of the human corin gene makes it an attractive candidate gene for total anomalous pulmonary venous return.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research